Pink Mountain's

Rare and Endangered Species

Parnassius eversmanni pinkensis female 4 resized drop

Parnassius eversmanni SSP pinkensis


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To find out more about our efforts to make Pink Mountain an Ecological Reserve, please contact Ron Long for more information:

Ron Long




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Latest News

Ron Long has just returned from a two week expedition to Pink Mountain, where he was able to photograph, catalog and map the positions of plant species on the summit plateau. Ron describes the wildflowers this year as being "spectacular".


 Pink Mountain's Insects

Little is known about the insects on Pink Mountain but we do have some information on the Butterflies


                            Apeter  nela copy

Thanks to our experts Peter Jakubek and Nela Twardzikova, who have studed the butterflies on Pink Mountain for over a decade, we now have a complete list and a far better understanding of the huge significance of Pink Mountain in Canada


An astonishing 55 species of butterflies have been recorded on Pink Mountain. Each species requires its own food plant and it is only the marvolous diversity of plants that makes such butterfly numbers possible. Fifty five species in one relativly small location is all the more remarkable when we realize that only 187 species of butterflies are known for the entire province of British Columbia. Further, BC has more butterflies than any other Canadian province or territory making Pink Mountain a butterfly hotspot for all of Canada.


Very significantly the butterfly list includes two red listes species, two blue listed species and a new sub species that has not yet been described but which will eventualy be red listed.






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Following is the list of known butterfly species on Pink Mountain:


1.             Erynnis icelus (Scudder & Burgess, 1870)

2.             Hesperia comma manitoba (Scudder, 1874)

3.             Parnassius eversmanni pinkensis Gauthier, 1984 (TYPE LOCALITY) )southern segregate)

4.             Papilio zelicaon Lucas, 1852 (northern segregate)

5.             Papilio machaon aliaska Scudder, 1869 (southern segregate)

6.             Papilio canadensis Rothschild & Jordan, 1906

7.            Pontia occidentalis nelsoni (W. H. Edwards, 1883) (southern segregate)

8.            Pieris marginalis tremblayi Eitschberger, [1884]

9.            Pieris oleracea oleracea (T. Harris, 1829)

10.            Euchloe ausonides mayi F. Chermock & R. Chermock, 1940 (northern segregate)

11.            Euchloe creusa creusa (E. Doubleday, [1847])

12.            Colias philodice vitabunda Hovanitz, 1943 (southern segregate)

13.            Colias christina christina W. H. Edwards, 1863

14.            Colias meadii elis Strecker, 1885 (NEW RECORD from 2009 FOR CANADA at PINK MT.- personal observation of Mgr. PJ) (northern segregate)

15.            Colias canadensis Ferris, 1982 (southern segregate)

16.            Colias nastes streckeri Grum-Grshimailo, 1895 trans ad aliaska O. Bang-Haas, 1927

17.            Colias palaeno chippewa W. H. Edwards, 1870 (southern segregate)

18.            Colias interior Scudder, 1862 (northern segregate)

19.            Colias gigantea mayi F. Chermock & R. Chermock, 1940

20.            Lycaena phlaeas arethusa (Wolley-Dod, 1907)

21.            Lycaena dorcas dorcas W. Kirby, 1837

22.            Lycaena mariposa penroseae W. D. Field, 1938

23.            Cupido a. amyntula (Boisduval, 1852)

24.            Celastrina ladon lucia (W. Kirby, 1837)

25.            Glaucopsyche lygdamus couperi Grote, 187

26.            Lycaeides idas scudderi

27.            Plebejus saepiolus amica (W. H. Edwards, 1863)

28.            Agriades glandon megalo (McDunnough, 1927) trans ad lacustris (T. Freeman, 1939)

29.            Polygonia faunus rusticus (W. H. Edwards, 1874)

30.            Polygonia gracilis zephyrus (W. H. Edwards, 1870)

31.            Nymphalis a. antiopa (Linnaeus, 1758)

32.            Aglais milberti milberti (Godart, 1819)

33.            Vanessa atalanta rubria (Fruhstorfer, 1909)

34.            Speyeria atlantis hollandi (F. Chermock & R. Chermock, 1940)

35.            Speyeria hesperis helena dos Passos & Grey, 1957

36.            Speyeria mormonia opis (W. H. Edwards, 1874 with high density of melanic male/female forms

37.            Boloria alaskensis alaskensis (W. Holland, 1900) (southern segregate)

38.            Boloria eunomia dawsoni (W. Barnes & McDunnough, 1916) trans ad nichollae (W. Barnes & Benjamin, 1926)

39.            Boloria selene atrocostalis (Huard, 1927) trans ad albequina (W. Holland, 1928)

40.            Boloria bellona jenistai D. Stallings & Turner, 1947

41.            Boloria improba youngi (W. Holland, 1900) (southern segregate)

42.            Boloria polaris polaris (Boisduval, [1828]) (southern segregate)

43.            Boloria freija freija (Thunberg, 1791)

44.            Boloria astarte astarte (E. Doubleday, 1847)

45.            Boloria chariclea grandis (W. Barnes & McDunnough, 1916) trans ad butleri (W. H. Edwards, 1883)

46.            Phyciodes cocyta cocyta (Cramer, 1777)

47.            Phyciodes  pratensis (Behr, 1863)

48.            Limenitis arthemis rubrofasciata (W. Barnes & McDunnough, 1916)

49.            Erebia epipsodea sineocellata Skinner, 1889

50.            Oeneis macounii (W. H. Edwards, 1885) (northern segregate)

51.            Oeneis cchryxus chryxus (E. Doubleday, [1849]) (northern segregate)

52.            Oeneis bore mckinleyensis dos Passos, 1949 (southern segregate)

53.            Oeneis jutta ridingiana F. Chermock & R. Chermock, 1940

54.            Oeneis melissa atlinensis C. Guppy & J. Shepard, 2001 (southern segregate)

55.            Oeneis polixenes  luteus Troubridge & Parshall 1988 (TYPE LOCALITY)

 "Much more work is required."


A small insect collection made on Pink Mountain in 2010 has revealed a species of mason bee, Osmia aquilonaria, which was not previously known to occur in British Columbia. This is highly significant.


 Osmia aquilonaria


The lack of knowledge about the insects on Pink Mountain
is just one more reason to preserve this unique ecosystem. 


































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